Malevich is a Russian painter, printmaker, decorative artist and writer of Ukranian birth. As one of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. The style of severe geometric abstraaction with which he is most closely associated, Suprematism, was a leading force in the development of Constructivism, the repercussions of which continued to be felt throughout the 20th century. His work was suppressed in Soviet Russia in the 1930s and remained little known during the following two decades. The reassessment of his reputation in the West from the mid-1950s was matched by the renewed influence of his work on the paintings of Ad Reinhardt and on developments such as Zero, Hard-edge painting and Minimalism.
- Born in Kiev Governorate of Russian Empire, now Ukraine
- Moved to Moscow, after the death of his father
- Studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture; and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow
- Taught at the Vitebsk Practical Art School in Belarus
- Founded and led UNOVIS (also known as MOLPOSNOVIS and POSNOVIS), a short-lived but influential group of artists, at the Vitebsk Art School
- Died in Leningrad, Soviet Union