Artist profile

Kasimir Malevich

Malevich is a Russian painter, printmaker, decorative artist and writer of Ukranian birth. As one of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. The style of severe geometric abstraaction with which he is most closely associated, Suprematism, was a leading force in the development of Constructivism, the repercussions of which continued to be felt throughout the 20th century. His work was suppressed in Soviet Russia in the 1930s and remained little known during the following two decades. The reassessment of his reputation in the West from the mid-1950s was matched by the renewed influence of his work on the paintings of Ad Reinhardt and on developments such as Zero, Hard-edge painting and Minimalism.

Biography

1878
Born in Kiev Governorate of Russian Empire, now Ukraine
1904
Moved to Moscow, after the death of his father
1904–1910
Studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture; and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow
1919–1922
Taught at the Vitebsk Practical Art School in Belarus
1919
Founded and led UNOVIS (also known as MOLPOSNOVIS and POSNOVIS), a short-lived but influential group of artists, at the Vitebsk Art School
1935
Died in Leningrad, Soviet Union