Naum Gabo was one of the world’s foremost Constructivist sculptors. Born in Russia, named Naum Neemia Pevsner, he was the younger brother of artist Antoine Pevsner. He abandoned a medical career and began to study in Munich. In 1910 he met Kandinsky and in 1913/14, while visiting his brother, then a Cubist painter in Paris, he met other artists. In 1915 he made the first constructions using the name Gabo. He returned to Russia in 1917 and become embroiled in art and politics. He and Pevsner opposed Tatlin and in 1920 they issued their ‘Realistic Manifesto’.
He had to leave Russia, spending the years 1922–32 in Berlin, lecturing at Bauhaus in 1928, before going to England. He spent seven years in Cornwall meeting Hepworth, Nicholson, Lanyon and others. In 1946 he settled in America, taking citizenship in 1952.
- Born Briansk, Russia. Named Naum Neemia Pevsner
- Enrolled in medical faculty at University of Munich and then switched to natural science in 1911
- At outbreak of war went to Copenhagen, Bergen, and then Oslo with younger brother Alexei
- Made first constructions using the name Gabo.
- Returned to Russia
- First public exhibition in the open air on Tverskoi Boulevard, Moscow. Wrote Realistic Manifesto, published in Moscow, which was also signed by brother Antoine
- Lived and worked in Berlin
- Lectured at Bauhaus
- Left Germany for Paris
- Member of the group Abstraction-Création
- Lived in England
- Left England for the United States
- Professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Architecture
- Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship. Awarded Mr and Mrs Frank G. Logan Medal of the Art Institute of Chicago
- Died in Waterbury (Connecticut), USA